Soren Kierkegaard wrote about his experience at the University of Copenhagen while studying there from 1830-1841.
Denmark was deciding to follow the German national dialogue taking place surrounding the writings of Immanuel Kant 1724–1804, Johann Goethe 1749-1832, Johann Fichte 1762–1814, and Georg Friedrich Hegel 1770–1831.
Kant said “our age is the age of criticism, to which everything must be subject. The sacredness of religion and the authority of legislation. (The Critique of Pure Reason in 1781)
Kant also wrote about the categorical imperative and Kierkegaard wrote about Kant’s idea in 1850.
Goethe wrote his autobiography from 1811-1832. The first video below is a reflection on the year 1855 when the Lisbon Earthquake happened. The second is about Goethe’s education.
Goethe wondered about the need for authority also in his autobiography Truth and Fiction Related To My Life
Fichte wrote about the need for Academic Freedom for the Scholar class that was rising in Germany. The Scholar was given special authority.
Kierkegaard wrote without authority because he believed that the right to authority is something that is needed by human beings and that authority in the Christian religion comes from Christ.
Georg Friedrich Hegel wrote philosophy and history. The first video below is about his life and works.
Hegel wrote about logic and Reason. He loved Reason so much that he deified it. The first section of his Logic is below.
The German philosophers and theologians wrote about the right to question authority, the elevation of Reason, and the special place of the Scholar. They were in favor of the mass against the individual. Kierkegaard was in favor of the individual and refused to accept the deification of Reason or the State.
He believed in the soul and hoped for the salvation of all souls.
Soren Kierkegaard died in 1855. A new system of ethics had been in the process of development during his life time. Orestes Brownson 1803-1876 described it in his book, The Convert. (1857) Kierkegaard wrote about the element in Christianity that can’t be discovered by the ethics or the artist. Who can understand Christ or even Socrates.